“Deep Future the Next 100,000 Years of Life on Earth” by Curt Stager (Thomas Dunne, 2011)

Deep Future
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The only people who haven’t come to accept the fact that global warming and climate change is happening are those who are not facing reality, deluding themselves; and while many of us have ideas, thoughts and concepts of what climate change may bring over the next century, Deep Future goes one giant step further for Earth.  Curt Stager is an ecologist, paleoclimatologist and science journalist, who has written for National Geographic and Science magazine.  In Deep Future he goes into detail on what effect climate change will have on our planet not just over the hundred years, but over the next hundred thousand.

Stager makes clear two things early on in the book.  One is that the likelihood of the world falling into an ice age any time soon are pretty much impossible, as the required level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was far exceeded some time ago, regardless of whether the Gulf Stream stalls or not.  The other is that we are now living in a new age, which is coming to be known as the Anthropocene, better known as the Age of Humanity or the Age of Humans.  It is the age in which everything we have done and everything we do has a long-lasting effect on our planet.  Eleven detailed chapters with titles like: “Beyond Global Warming,” “Oceans of Acid,” “The Rising Tide,” and “An Ice-Free Arctic,” Stager doesn’t hold back in giving the grim news of the future of our planet.  The point that he makes clear is that this isn’t going to happen tomorrow; it’s going to take hundreds and thousands and tens of thousands of years.  We are also coming towards the end of our fossil fuels, meaning we will eventually not be able to continue heating up the planet any more.  A plateau will be reached in the far future, and then the earth will eventually return to normal in the very distant future.

While many of the devastating effects discussed in Deep Future will not come to fruition for a long time, they are nevertheless fascinating and disturbing to discover, and Stager is sure to keep readers informed of what they can do now to alleviate some of these seemingly inevitable events.

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Originally written on March 4, 2011 ©Alex C. Telander.

“Field Notes From a Catastrophe” by Elizabeth Kolbert (Bloomsbury, 2007)

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In Field Notes From a Catastrophe – dramatic title aside – Kolbert, a staff writer for the New Yorker, offers readers not a telling off story about how the human race is steadily destroying the planet, but an up to date factual guide to the reality of the world.  Kolbert simply offers the details and facts from first hand sources which can only be taken as truth and harsh reality.

Split into two parts, the first, “Nature,” offers four case studies into different parts of the worlds on the state of global warming and how it is affecting that particular area.  Starting in Alaska where a scientific group researching the effect of the melting ice in the Arctic are for the first time unable to find a large enough iceberg and able to travel further north than ever before; on to the real world rising temperatures and its effects on the planet; to the melting glaciers of Iceland where life is changing for both the people and the animal and plant life; to an apparent evolution of a species of butterfly and toad in the last fifty years.  “Nature” serves as a solid foundation on the current state of the world, segueing to the second part, “Man,” where the realities of our role in the current state of the world is fully revealed.  Again, with little opinion or evaluation on Kolbert’s part, just the statement of facts.

It is in these last six chapters of the book that the reader sees how the planet has been changed, what history tells us, how this is a unique period in the history of the planet, and how exactly we are to blame for it.  Juxtaposed with this are the steps that are being taken around the world to try to change this, as Kolbert returns time and time again to the United States and the Bush Administration’s blind eye to global warming, the greenhouse effect, and rising global temperatures.  And when the Under Secretary of State for Democratic and Global Affairs, Paula Dobriansky,  is asked to respond to these presidential decisions that seem to be made against the advice of the scientists and the will of the people, the repeated response – much like that on domestic and foreign policy – is: “We have a common goal and objective . . . Where we differ is on what approach we believe is and can be the most effective.”

Elizabeth Kolbert makes the reality clear and unquestionable.  The facts are there, the sources for the facts are also there to be checked and confirmed.  All that’s left is to accept blame and do something about it.  The question is: by the time the world gets around to reacting on a global scale, will it be too late?  There seems to be a focus in today’s day and age on the now, the current generation.  This idea is no more prevalent than in governments and administrations.  There’s little forethought or prediction on the part of our children and grandchildren; on the future generations who will be born into a world worse than ours and will have to fight harder to get by.  It makes me sad and long for 2009, when hopefully big changes will be made.

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Originally written on April 28th 2007 ©Alex C. Telander.